Deciding to breastfeed (The Basics)
Do doctors recommend breastfeeding? Yes. Doctors advise breastfeeding your baby for at least one year (12 months) if possible. Breast milk is the only food a baby needs for the first six months. Most babies start eating other foods, in addition to breast milk, when they are 4 to 6 months old.
You might be unsure if breastfeeding is proper for you, but it is the best choice for most mothers and babies. More and more women are choosing to breastfeed because of its health benefits. Some women are concerned because they don’t have many family members or friends who have breastfed their babies. You might be thinking that it’s easier to use formulas. Or maybe you are worried that you won’t be able to keep breastfeeding after going back to work. But there are usually ways to make breastfeeding work for you.
Breastfeeding has many benefits for both you and your baby. This is true even if you breastfeed for only a short time. Also, these benefits can last even after you stop breastfeeding. Aside from the health benefits, breastfeeding also helps you bond with your baby, which is very rewarding.
If you are thinking about breastfeeding, that’s great. This article will help answer some of the questions you might have.
What are the benefits for babies? In babies, breastfeeding can:
●Help prevent stomach infections that can cause vomiting or diarrhoea
●Help prevent ear or lung infections
●Help lower the risk of SIDS, which is when a baby younger than 1-year-old dies suddenly for no known reason
Breastfeeding might also help babies gain weight at a healthy rate as they grow.
What are the benefits for mothers? Breastfeeding has benefits for the mother, too. Compared with women who feed their babies formula, women who breastfeed usually:
●Have less bleeding from the uterus after giving birth
●Have less stress
●Lose more weight after pregnancy (if they breastfeed at least six months)
●Don’t spend as much money to feed their baby
●Don’t spend as much money on healthcare or miss as much work because their babies get sick less often
●Have a lower chance of getting breast, ovarian, or endometrial (uterine) cancer
How do the breasts make milk? Breast milk is produced by the “milk glands” in the breasts (figure 1). During pregnancy, these glands get ready to produce breast milk.
After you give birth, substances in your body called “hormones” cause your breasts to fill with milk. For the first few days after delivery, you will make only a small amount of yellowish milk called “colostrum.” Colostrum has all of the nutrition a newborn needs. You will start making more breast milk a few days later, usually 2 to 3 days after birth.
Will I make enough milk? Most healthy women can make enough breast milk. Each time a baby feeds and empties the breasts, the body produces more milk. After a few weeks of breastfeeding, most healthy women make about 3 cups (or 24 ounces) of milk a day.
Certain things can cause you to have trouble making enough milk. This can happen if:
●You don’t breastfeed often enough
●Your baby has difficulty getting milk during breastfeeding
●You are tired, sick, or under a lot of stress
●You take certain medicines
●You smoke cigarettes
●You have had certain types of breast surgery
If you have trouble making enough milk or having other problems with breastfeeding, talk with your doctor or nurse. You might also find it helpful to work with a breastfeeding expert called a “lactation consultant.”
When should I start breastfeeding? Most women should begin breastfeeding in the delivery room. If possible, it helps to hold your baby right away after delivery. “Skin-to-skin contact” can help your baby learn to breastfeed. It’s best to start breastfeeding as soon as possible after giving birth, ideally within the first hour. During this time, most babies are awake and want to breastfeed.
If you can’t be with your baby right after birth, there are things you can do so that you can still breastfeed. You can use a breast pump device to collect breast milk for your baby to drink later. Using a breast pump also helps your breasts continue to make milk.
Can I breastfeed if I have breast surgery? Maybe. If you have had breast surgery, you can breastfeed and see if you make enough milk. Most women who had surgery to make their breasts bigger can produce enough milk, but some can’t. Women who have had a breast reduction (surgery to make the breasts smaller) often have trouble producing enough milk. But it’s not the same for everyone.
When is breastfeeding not recommended? Doctors do not recommend breastfeeding if you:
●Have an infection, such as HIV, that you could pass to your baby through breastfeeding. Ask your doctor if you are concerned about the risk of disease.
●They are getting treated for cancer.
●Take certain medicines – Some medicines are not safe to take while breastfeeding. But in most cases, it’s possible to keep taking the medication you need, or switch to different medicines. If you take any medication, let your doctor or nurse know. They can make sure that those medicines are safe to take when breastfeeding.
●Drink a lot of alcohol – When you drink alcohol, a small amount is passed to your baby through your breast milk. Doctors do not know precisely how much alcohol is “safe” to drink during breastfeeding, so they suggest avoiding or limiting it. If you choose to drink, most doctors recommend having only an occasional drink with the amount of alcohol found in 1 glass of wine. They also recommend waiting 2 hours after having a drink before you breastfeed.
●Use certain drugs – Illegal drugs are harmful for a breastfeeding baby. Marijuana (along with other forms of cannabis) is legal in some places but should be avoided if breastfeeding. Some studies suggest it could cause problems in babies.
Also, doctors do not recommend breastfeeding for babies born with a medical condition called “galactosemia.” Talk to your doctor or nurse if you’re not sure if you should breastfeed.
Do I need to do anything or buy anything to get ready? Most women do not need to do anything or buy anything to get ready for breastfeeding. You might want to get a breast pump to use later, especially if you return to work. This will allow you to pump milk when you need to be away from your baby.
What if I have questions about breastfeeding? If you have questions about breastfeeding, ask your doctor or nurse. You might also find it helpful to talk to a breastfeeding expert called a “lactation consultant.”